The state of
Maharastra is one of the largest in India . Most of the state stand on the
high Deccan plateau which stretches east some 800 km. from the Western
Ghats.Historically this was the main centre for the Maratha Empire,which
defied the Mughals for so long , and which , under the fearless rule of
Shivaji , carvedout a large part of central India as its domain .
Maharastra's many inland and coastal forts are a legacy of Shivaji and, to
a lesser extent, the portuguese.
Hindi, English, Gujarati
22°C-39°C; Winter 12°C-34°C
to Apr (Coast), Sep to Jun (Hill Stations)
Pune, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Nashik, Sholapur
Air, Rail and Road links are available for
travel within the state and around.
As far as the geography of Maharashtra goes, much of the state
consists of the high Deccan plateau, which is separated from the
straight Konkan coastline by 'Ghats'. The Ghats are a succession
of steep hills, periodically bisected by narrow roads, and which
are often crowned by medieval forts. Given their altitude, it is
not surprising that the Ghats are home to the state's hill
One of the three major regions of the state is the Sahyadri
range with an elevation of 1000 meters. The unique feature of
this region is a series of crowning plateau.
Lying between the Arabian Sea and the Sahyadri Range, Konkan is
narrow coastal lowland, just 50 km wide and with an elevation
below 200 meters.
The third important region is the Satpura hills along the
northern border, and the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on
the eastern border form physical barriers preventing easy
movement. These ranges also serve as natural limits to the
The climate of Maharashtra is moderate, with variations in
temperature ranging between 16°C and 35°C. July to September
are the months when monsoon lashes this state with good
rainfall. This does not mean that the whole state gets uniform
rainfall; a large part of inner Maharashtra remains dry in
comparison to other areas under the rain shadow of the Sahyadri.
Flora and Fauna
Total area under forest cover in Maharashtra is only 17%.
Majority of the forests are in the eastern and Sahyadri regions
of the state. Maharashtra has five national parks, three game
reserves, and 24 wildlife/bird sanctuaries. These range from the
Borivili National Park, surrounded by the Mumbai suburbs, to the
Melghat Tiger Reserve, high up in the north of the state