pradesh is India's largest state and the geographical heartland of
the country . Most of the state us a high plateau and in summer it
can be very dry and hot . Virtually all phases of Indian History
have left their mark on Madhya Pradesh , historicaly known as
Malwa .There are still many pre-Aryan Gond and Bhil tribal people
in the state , but Madhya Pradesh is overwhelmingly Indo-Aryan
with the majority of the people speaking HIndi and following
Some of Madhya Pradesh's attractions are remote and isolated ;
Khajuraho , in the NOrth of the state , is a long way from
anywhere and most easily visited when travelling between Agra and
Varanasi ;Jabalpur , with its marble rocks , is the centre of the
state ; Kanha National Park , famous for its tigers , is 170 km
south - east of Jabalpur .
Most of the states attractions are on or near the main Delhi to
main railway line . From Agra , just outside the state to the
North , you can head south through Gwalior (with its magnificient
fort ) , Sanchi, Bhopal , Ujjain , Indore , and Mandu .from there
you can head west to Gujarat or South to the Ajanta and Ellora
caves in Maharastra .
Madhya Pradesh constitutes part of what is known as the Hindi belt
, a region of northern India inhabited predominantly by Hindus .
Politically it is dominated , not surprisingly , by Hindu
fundemantalist BJP . state elections were held in 1993 , after the
state assembly was dissolved by the central government following
the demolition of the the disputed mosque at Ayodhya . While the
BJP was returned to power the congress party was managed to gain
The history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to the time of Ashoka ,
the great BUddhist emperor whose Mauryan empire was powerful in
Malwa . AT Sanchi one can see the Buddhist centre founded by
Ashoka , the most important reminder of him in India today . The
Mauryans were followed by the Sungas and then by the Guptas ,
before the Huns swept across the state . Around 1000 years ago the
Parmaras ruled in South - west Madhya Pradesh - they're chiefly
remembered for Raja Bhoj , who gave his name to the city of Bhopal
and also ruled over Indore and Mandu .
From 1950 to 1050 AD the Chandelas constructed the fantasies
series of temples at Khajuraho inthe North of the state . Today
Khajuraho is one of India's main attractions , drawing visitors
from India and overseas .
between the 12th and the 16th centuries , the region saw
continuing struggles between Hindu and the Muslim rulers or
invaders . The fortified city of Mandu in the south-west was
frequently the scene for these battles , but finally the Mughal
overcame Hindu resistance and controlled the region . The Mughals
, however , met their fate at the hands of the Marathas who , in
turn , fell to the British .
7șC - 30șC; Summer 24șC - 42șC.
Gwalior, Khajuraho, Indore