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JHARKHAND                                 General Information of Jharkhand

Jharkhand is a state of Mines and Minerals, Industries, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Forestaries. It is mostly a tribal area. Nearly eighty percent of the population of the state are tribes. Sarhul is the most famous festival among the tribes.

Jharkhand is among the few destinations that offer you the perfect holiday option. Apart from natural allure you can enjoy a wide range of pursuits. Chhotanagpur a name which presents up before mind's eye a highland interspersed with rolling hills clad in luxuriant forest criss-crossed by numerous narrow, limpid hill streams. The glorious plateau is riddled with celestial springs bubbling with mineral water. The majestic flow of water in a number of falls thundering down in rainbow mists, froth and foam enthralls the onlookers. On approach their never ending soft and haunting music rises to a crescendo. 

Jharkhand has many things to entice tourists and all those who are lovers of natural beauty. As indicated above, its evergreen forests, wild life, lakes, waterfalls, scenic beauty, health and holiday resort and soothing climate are a bonanza for tourists.

With its capital city Ranchi, Mines are located near the Dhanbad city, Minerals are in Chhotanagpur, Wildlife in Hazaribagh, Industries in Jamshedpur and Bokaro.
It is rich in Iron and Steel, Coal, Mica etc. Iron ore rich area is Chhotanagpur. Bokaro is well known for its Iron and Steel. Jamshedpur is the Industrial Capital of the state.
Deoghar is a well known Hindu Pilgrimage center. One of the Dwadash Jyotirlinga is situated here

History Of Jharkhand


  1765 : Successful military mobilization to bring Santhal Pargana under British rule.
  1772-80 : Paharia revolt.
  1780-85 : Tilka Manjhi led the tribal revolt and managed to injure British army Chief.
  1785 : Tilka Manjhi hanged to death in Bhagalpur.
  1795-1800 :Tamar revolt.
  1795-1800 : Munda revolt under the leadership of Vishnu Manaki.
  1797 : Munda revolt under the leadership of Vishnu Manaki.
  1798 : Chaur revolt in Birbhum Bankura.
  1798-99 : Bhoomji revolt of Manbhoom.
  1800-02 : Munda revolt under the stewardship of Dukhan Manaki of Tamar.
  1819-20 : Munda revolt in Palamau under the leadership of Bhukan Singh.
  1832-33 : Khewar revolt under the leadership of Bhagirath, Dubai Gosai and Patel Singh.
  1833-34 : Bhumji revolt under the leadership of Ganga Narain of Birbhum.
  1855 : Santhals waged war against the permanent settlement of Lord Cornwallis.
  1855-60 : During late 1850's Sidhu had accumulated about Ten Thousands Santhals to run parallel govt. against British rule. The basic purpose was to collect taxes by making his own laws British Govt. had announced an award of Rs. Ten Thousands to arrest Sidhu and his brother Kanhu. This movement remained very active in Kahalgaon and Raniganj.
  1856 : Police brigade was constituted.
  1856-57 : Martyr Sahid Lal, Vishwanath Shahdeo. Sheikh Bhikhari, Ganpatrai and Budhu Veer led a movement against the British Govt. in the sepoy mutiny.
  1874-99 : The period is famous for Birsa Movement.
  1874 : Kherwar movement shot into fame under the leadership of Bhagirathi manjhi.
  1881 : Kherwar movement started.
  1895-1900 : Launching of ULGLAN under the leadership of Birsa.
  1912 : Bihar bifurcated from Bengal and some parts of Chotanagpur merged into Bengal.
  1913 : Constitution of Chotanagpur unati samaj.
  1914 : Tana Bhagat movement started which had the participation of more than 26000 tribals.
  1915 : Publication of Adivasi titled magazine started.
  1929 : Simon commission presented with a memorandum which demanded the information of Jharkhand State.
  1936 : Orissa was created as a separate state.
  1947 : On Dec. 28 All India Jharkhand Party came into inception.
  1951 : Jharkhand party was elected to Vidhan Sabha as a main opposition party.
  1969 : Shibu Soren founded the Sonat Santhal Samaj.
  1971 : A.K.Roy founded the Marxist M.C.C. to demand the separate Jharkhand State.
  1973 : N.E.Horo named his party as Jharkhand Party and on March 12th he presented the then Prime Minister a memorandum for separate Jharkhand State.
  1977 : Jharkhand party proposed for separate Jharkhand State which included not only Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana of Bihar but adjoining area of Bengal.
  1978 : The convention of All India Jharkhand Party was held on May 21.
  1978 : June 9 came to co-memorated as Birsa Day.
  1980 : Establishment of Jharkhand Kranti Dal.
  1986 : September 25, All Jharkhand Students Union gave its first call for Jharkhand bandh, it was a huge success.
  1987 : Call for boycott of Independence day. The Home Minister of India directed the bihar government to prepare a report on detailed profile of all districts of Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana.
  1989 : 72 hours of economic blockaed by AJSU was total success.
  1989 : 6 days of economic.
  1994 : On Jan 6 Laloo Prasad Yadav declared in Ranchi that Jharkhand development autnomous council bill will be passed in budget session.
  1995 : Jharkhand area autonomous council was formed which comprised 0f 18 districts of Santhal Pargana and Chotanagpur and Shibu Soren was nominated as the Chairman.
  1997 : June, Bihar government sanctioned 24 crores for conducting the elections of Jharkhand Autonomous Council.
  1997 : July, Shibu Soren offered support to minority government of Laloo Prasad Yadav with a condition of a separate Jharkhand bill in the assembly.
  2000 : 2 Aug., The bill to create a separate state of Jharkhand to be carved out of 
Bihar was passed in Lok Sabha by voice with two key allies of ruling NDA strongly opposing the measure and the opposition Rashtriya Janta Dal and the CPI - M demanding it to be referred to a parliamentary committee. The long cherished demand of people of the region was fulfilled, the celebration is on through out the Jharkhand region.
  2000 : 11 Aug., Parliament today approved the formation of Jharkhand when the Rajya Sabha passed by voice - vote the Bihar reorganisation bill 2000 to carve out the new state out of Bihar's northern region.
  2000 : 25 Aug., President Mr. K.R. Narayanan approved the Bihar reorganisation bill 2000.
  2000 : 12 Oct., The center has issued the gazette notification starting November 15 to be the appointed date for the formation of new Jharkhand Government.

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