Andhra pradesh was
created by combining the old princely stae of Hyderabad with the telegu
speaking portions of the former state of Madras .Most of this state large
stands in he deccan plateau , sloping down to the low lying coastal region
to the east where the mighty rivers of Godavari and Krishna meet the Bay
of Bengal in wide deltas .
The capital , Hyderabad , is naturally a magnet ,not only for its own
right but for its Muslim heritage . , famous museum and and enormous
Buddha Statue , but also for the nearby Golconda Fort and Qutab Shahi
Tombs . Further afield there are impressive ruins of the Kakatiya Kingdom
at Warangal ,which was commented by Marco Polo , and the Buddhist Sites of
Nagarjunaconda and the Amaravati ,as well as the beautiful Kanaka Durga
Temple and VIjayvada , and the famous temple complex of Tirumala in the
State's extreme south east.
Andhra pradesh was once a major Buddhist centre and a part of Ashoka's
large Empire until it broke up . traces of early Buddhist still remain in
places , particularly in Amaravati , the Sanchi of Andhra Pradesh . Later
, in the 7th century , the Chalukyas held power , but they in turn fell to
the chola kingdom of the south around the 10th century . the 13th century
saw the rise of the Kakatiyas who ruled from Warangal , but by this time
Muslim power was beginning to assert itself inthe form of the Sultans of
Delhi , who made raids into the area and established themselves in 1323 ,
However , there hold was tenous and they were soon displaced by the Hindu
Vijaynagar Empire .
There followed two centuries of Hindu Muslim power struggles until , in
the 16th century , the Qutab Shahi dynasty was established at Hyderabad .
It was this Dynasty that built the vast and almost impregnable stone
fortress of Golconda -surely one of Indias most impressive yet seldom
visited monuments . Not only that but the nearby tombs of the rulers of
this Muslim dynasty rival those of the `Delhi sultans and the early
Mughals in size and splendor . None of the other central Deccan Muslim
Kingdom ever left Monuments quite as grand as these -though Bijapur (karnataka
)came close . their reign came to an end in1687 when the Kingdom was taken
over by a general of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb . The general's
successsors ,the Nizam's of Hyderabad , ruled the State right through to
7șC - 30șC; Summer 24șC - 42șC.