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Tiruchirapalli, called Tiruchi or Trichy in Short, was built by the Nayak rulers of Madurai around a rock fort. Tiruchi is on the banks of the Kaveri river and is famous for the Ranganatha Temple at Srirangam, 10 km away. The Rock fort is the center of the city and is a remarkable structure. About 83 meters high, the fort dominates the landscape. The Uchi pillaiyer Temple dedicated to lord Vinayaka or Ganesha. A total of 344 steps, cut into the rock lead to the temple. There is also the Tyaumanaswami Temple of lord Shiva half way up the hillock. There are also two cave temples in the fort with sculptures dating back to the 6th and 7th centuries. The Sri Jambukeswara Temple, at Tiruvankkaikaval, Srirangam is an island in the Kaveri river, north of Tiruchirapalli. The Ranganathaswami Temple here, built around 13th-14th centuries has 21 towers and stone pillars covered with fine carvings. Thrissur ( earlier Trichur), the name derived from 'Tiru-Shiva-Perur' (the town with the name of Lord Shiva) is dubbed the cultural capital of Kerala. The town is built around a hillock. Periyar, Chalakudy, Karuvannur and Bharatha Puzha are the major rivers in the district. The district has a forest area of 103619 hector. Thrissur's emergence to town and cultural centre is attributed to Raja Rama Varma, popularly known as 'Sakthan Thampuran', who was the king of Cochin in 1790. In different periods, Thrissur had fallen to Portuguese, Dutch and British forces.


Thrissur: Vadakkumnatha temple, Zoo, Museum and Archeological Museum are attractions in the city. Kerala's literary and cultural organisations are headquartered here. Thrissur pooram, the spectacular spectacle, is an annual festival on May 1.. 

Kodungallore : A major port in the olden days. The oldest mosque in the country is here. St. Thomas landed on 52 AD, then the port was known as Musarees.

Peechi : Wild life Sanctuary, established in 1958. Dam and adjacent garden are other attractions. 15 km from Thrissur.

Athirappally,Vazhachal: South India's most fascinating waterfalls. 32 km from Chalakkudy on N H 47.

The most famous landmark of this bustling town is the Rock Fort Temple, a spectacular monument perched on a massive rocky outcrop which rises abruptly from the plain to tower over the old city. It is reached by a flight of steep steps cut into the rock and from its summit you get a fantastic view of the town plus its other main landmark----

 the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple. This temple is one of the largest and most interesting temple complexes in India, built on an island in the middle of the Cauvery River and covering a staggering 2.5 sq km.

Trichy itself has a long going back to the centuries before Christian era when it was a Chola citadel. The town and its fort as it stands today, was built by the Nayaks of Madurai. It was one of the main centres around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India.

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